Within the area of childhood incontinence, nocturnal enuresis is otherwise known as bedwetting and is common both in typically developing children as well as children with additional needs.
Attaining night time continence is a normal developmental process, with significant age variation. There is a strong genetic tendency to bedwetting.
Enuresis is common and generally causes no lasting problems. Treatment should usually not be started before age 6 years, as there is a high rate of spontaneous resolution.
The presence of daytime, lower urinary tract symptoms requires a different approach. Alarm therapy is the most effective treatment modality available in children older than 6 years of age but requires motivation of both child and parent.

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